ISIS and Human Right Abuses in Iraq
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay expresses her concerns about the dramatic deterioration of the situation in Iraq as executions and extrajudicial killings, and the massive displacement of some half a million people. According to casualty figures released by the UN mission in Iraq, UNAMI, a total of at least 799 Iraqis were killed and another 1,409 were injured in acts of terrorism and violence between 1 January and 30 May 2014.
The parties of the conflict are obliged under international law to treat humanely members of armed forces who have laid down their arms, or are hors de combat.murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture constitute war crimes. They must also take all feasible precautions, in areas under their effective control, to spare civilians from the effects of hostilities, and to respect, protect and meet the basic needs of civilian populations.
“…I am extremely concerned about the acute vulnerability of civilians caught in the cross-fire, or targeted in direct attacks by armed groups, or trapped in areas under the control of ISIL and their allies.
I call for the immediate cessation of acts of violence and abuses committed against civilians in violation of applicable international humanitarian law, which governs the conduct of conflicts, and international human rights law which applies during time of war and peace.
There will be particular scrutiny of the conduct of ISIL, given their well-documented record of committing grave international crimes in Syria.”
The Commission of Inquiry on Syria has, as recently as March this year, accused ISIS of committing crimes against humanity, in addition to other gross human rights violations, in the Syrian provinces of Raqqa, Idlib and Aleppo.