ITU-ABI Global Cybersecurity Index
International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has recently published an analytical research on countries’ level of cybersecurity development and readiness. Global Cybersecurity Index & Cyberwellness Profiles was prepared according to countries’, legal, technical, organizational level but also their capacity building skills (standardization development, manpower development, professional certification, agency certification), finally their national and international cooperation level.
The cost of cybercrime and the growing threat of increasingly sophisticated cyberattacks perpetrated by highly resourceful and competent threat agents continue to plague the development of safe ICTs globally. Safeguarding ICTs ensures the economic stability of cyberspace and provides for a reliable environment critical for organizations and individuals to conduct business and freely communicate.
Cybersecurity is paramount for sustaining a technologically-sound model. The disruption of electricity or the impairment of financial systems through interference with ICT networks is a reality; these events constitute national security threats. Malicious online agents are numerous, organized and of diverse persuasions: political, criminal, terrorist, hacktivist. The tools at their disposal become more sophisticated and complex over time and with experience; the growing number of connected platforms only serves to offer new attack vectors. There is no going back to simpler times. In embracing technological progress, cybersecurity must form an integral and indivisible part of that process. Unfortunately, cybersecurity is not yet at the core of many national and industrial technology strategies. Although cybersecurity efforts are numerous, they are eclectic and dispersed. Differences in internet penetration, technological development, private sector dynamics, government strategies, means that cybersecurity is emerging from a bottom up approach; a natural occurrence where disparities exist between nation states, public and private sectors, and across industries. In essence however, a global culture of cybersecurity can be more successfully initiated from the top down. Information sharing and cooperation are key to tackling cross-border threats. Such elements require a certain measure of organization in a multitude of disciplines: legal, technical, educational. While a particular country or a specific sector will have developed and adopted a highly effective cybersecurity framework, the knowledge is rarely shared outside of that circle.
The final result of the research has been publicized at ITU Telecom World’14. According to The Global Cybersecurity Index many countries share the same ranking which means “they have same level of readiness”. However, the research has focused only the cyber security capacity and development but not vulnerabilities.