New Judges of ICJ Elected
The International Court of Justice (ICJ), established in 1946 to replace the Permanent Court of International Justice, is the principal judicial body of the UN. It has two primary functions:
- to settle legal disputes submitted by States in accordance with established international laws,
- to act as an advisory board on issues submitted to it by authorized international organizations.
The Court is composed of 15 judges serving in their individual capacities. From the list of candidates, judges are elected to 9 year terms by an absolute majority in both the General Assembly (97 votes) and Security Council (8 votes).
The candidates were:
- Jemal Ould Agatt (Mauritania),
- Eugénie Liliane Arivony (Madagascar),
- Mohamed Bennouna (Morocco),
- Sayeman Bula-Bula (Democratic Republic of the Congo),
- Susana Ruiz Cerutti (Argentina),
- James Richard Crawford (Australia),
- Joan E. Donoghue (United States),
- Kirill Gevorgian (Russian Federation),
- Patrick Lipton Robinson (Jamaica).
After the 12 rounds of election, only the 4 of the candidates received sufficient vote:
- Judges Mohamed Bennouna,
- Joan E. Donoghue
- James Richard Crawford,
- Kirill Gevorgian
To fill the fifth vacancy in the Court, voting will resume on Monday (17 November), between Robinson of Jamaica and Cerutti of Argentina.