Security Council Condemned Violations of Human Rights by Extremist Groups in Iraq, Syria
Through the unanimously adopted Resolution 2170 (2014), Security Council condemned the “gross, systematic and widespread abuse” of human rights by the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) and Al-Nusra Front.
It is a well-known fact that ISIS is violating human rights, international humanitarian law. As you may remember they has been harshly criticized and condemned by several NGO’s and UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in last month (here is an informative piece: ISIS and Human Right Abuses in Iraq). To this end, Council underlined the fact that;
“who have committed or are otherwise responsible for violations of international humanitarian law or violations or abuses of human rights in Iraq and Syria, including persecution of individuals on the basis of their religion or belief, or on political grounds, must be held accountable.”
Being able to persecute criminals, Council called for the Resolution 1373 (2001) in which State has an obligation to cooperate in efforts to find and bring to justice individuals, groups. Thus Council urges all States to cooperate to find and bring to justice individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida including ISIS and Al-Nusra Front who perpetrate, organize and sponsor terrorist acts and in this regard underlines the importance of regional cooperation.
More importantly, ISIS has gained a significant momentum in a short period of time possibly due to the regional and international support. Keeping in the mind this fact, Council stressed that;
“all States shall prevent and suppress the financing of terrorist acts and refrain from providing any form of support, active or passive, to entities or persons involved in terrorist acts, including by suppressing recruitment of members of terrorist groups and eliminating the supply of weapons to terrorists.”
“all States shall prohibit their nationals or any persons and entities within their territories from making any funds, financial assets or economic resources or financial or other related services available, directly or indirectly, for the benefit of persons who commit or attempt to commit or facilitate or participate in the commission of terrorist acts, or for the benefit of entities owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by such persons and of persons and entities acting on behalf of or at the direction of such persons.”
Finally in order for monitoring the level of threat in the region posed by ISIS and Al-Nusra Front but also their sources of arms, funding, recruitment and demographics, and recommendations for additional action to address the threat Council directs the Monitoring Team to submit a report to the Committee within 90 days.