Turkey Shoot Down Russian Warplane
Russian warplane which has violated Turkish airspace and ignored repeated warnings, has been shoot down.
Defense Ministry of Russia has denied that its warplane crossed the Turkish border and violate the Turkish air space: “The Ministry of Defense would like to stress that the plane was over the Syrian territory throughout the flight.”
Additionally, he stated that
“During the flight, the aircraft was flying within the borders of Syria, which was registered by objective monitoring data,” the ministry said, adding that the aircraft was “supposedly shot down from the ground”
However, the flight radar path clearly shows that Russian warplane has crossed the Turkish border and entered into the Syrian air space. At this picture, violation of the airspace is clear, but its arguable whether it is such a threat apply responses such as shooting down.
Turkey has requested an immediate NAC (North Atlantic Council) meeting according to NATO to inform NATO allies about the downing of a Russian airplane. Legal base for this meeting is outlined in Article 4 of NATO’s founding treaty:
“The Parties will consult together whenever, in the opinion of any of them, the territorial integrity, political independence or security of any of the Parties is threatened.
On the other hand, Foreign Ministry of Turkey stated that they summoned representatives from the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council to brief them on the downing of a Russian fighter jet.
Turkish authorities and Turkish Armed Forces cited the change in engagement rules in 2012 due to the shoot down of unarmed Turkish reconnaissance aircraft by Syria. Since then Turkey responded several military attacks referencing those engagement rules. Similar example was shooting down of Syrian military helicopter. In 2013, September, Turkish Military forces has warned several time the Syrian military helicopter violating Turkish air space, then applied the engagement rules.
Turkish Armed Forces, in its statement indicated that the aircraft has been warned 10 time in 5 minutes to leave the Turkish airspace, but it continued intruding the airspace
It was clearly indicated by Turkish authorities that any aircraft violating its border along with Syria will be shoot down since 2012. In this sense, it’s legal and legitimate to expect other nations to respect this request.
Secondly, there are ongoing efforts by Turkish and American authorities to build a no-fly zone along with Syrian border to protect civilians and prevent massive immigration flow.
Russian authorities may invoke the legal grounds that shooting down was an internationally wrongful act and demand reparation from Turkey.